T-shirts are made of different fabric materials. Cotton is the most and best fabric around the world for t-shirts. Moreover, cotton fabric is easy to dye and has good color retention. Though, it also blends well with other fabrics also. The production of a cotton t-shirt can be summarised in 6 steps from seed to tee.
Growing cotton is not an easy process as cotton requires a long growing season, sunny and warm weather, plenty of water, and dry weather for harvest. It takes several months for flower buds to turn to blossoms to becoming cotton balls. Then they are machine or hand-harvested and sent for the next step which is ginning.
The ginning is a function where cotton gin is the separate lint from seed and produce the highest total monetary return for the resulting lint and seeds. Eco-businesses also explore the possibility of pressing the oil out of the cottonseed and using it to make biodiesel.
It involves a series of machines that turn the compacted ginned cotton into yarn.
During this process. Spin yarn is turned into cloth by pulling loops, called stitches through one another. Circular knitting is accomplished by cylinder knit machines.
After knitting, it must be finished in order to wash out any particular matter bleach or dye it to a consistent color, shrink the fabric as much as possible but at the same time also soften the fabric to prevent any holes.
The cutting process involves cutting the bodies, sleeves, and collars, etc out of the tube of fabric. after that the t-shirt is sewed and delivered to you.
This is the last step in the actual construction of the t-shirts. The sewer uses an array of sewing machines to attach each piece via a batch assembly line.
Screen printing is one of the best and most conventional ways. It’s done using mesh screens to squeegee ink into the shirts on manual or automated presses. Creating a fully breathable print that will not crack or peel.
In order to make a t-shirt more attractive, t-shirts are garment-dyed after printing. Some manufacturers dye the fabric straight after the finishing process.
After the making process has been done and dusted, the final product (t-shirt) is then sent to the retailers.